Tarkvaratööstuse saladus

MüügimeesIt's an exciting time to be in the software industry. With the dot com boom and bust, and now “web 2.0” and social networking in the mainstream, we're still in our infancy but growing up.

On a grade level, I'd say we're probably around the 9th grade. We're still uncomfortable in our skin, we get excited by the the software that looks a little ‘overdeveloped', and we're just starting to build friendships that will hopefully last a lifetime.

Consumers are finally getting serious with our software. Product managers are finally getting some good taste – complimenting a great product with good design that's sales and marketing worthy.

That said, the fallacy of the software purchase still exists. When you buy a new car, you generally know that it's going to be comfortable, ride well, how it corners and how it accelerates just from the test drive. If you read about it in an auto magazine by a great journalist, you get a real feeling about how the car is going to feel before you ever get in it.

Software has test drives and reviews as well, but they never live up to our expectations, do they? Part of the problem is that, while cars go forward, backward and have doors and wheels, software doesn't follow the same rules… and nor do any two people use it alike. It isn't until we're mired in our day to day work that we figure out what's ‘missing' with the application. It's missed when it was designed. It's missed when it was developed. And worst, it's always missed in the sale.

This is because you and I don't buy software for how we're going to use it. Often times, we don't actually buy it at all – someone buys it for us. The software we use is often mandated due to a corporate relationship, discount, or the manner in which it interacts with our other systems. It amazes me how many times that companies have a robust purchasing process, certification requirements, service level agreements, security compliance, operating system compatibility… but no one actually kasutusalad rakendus pärast pikka aega pärast ostmist ja rakendamist.

It's, perhaps, one of the reasons why pirating software is so rampant. I don't want to even count how many thousands of dollars of software I've purchased that I used and gave up on, and never used again.

Vaade tarkvarafirmalt

The view from the software company is quite different altogether! Though our applications usually fix a primary problem and that's why people pay for it… there are so many tertiary issues out there that we have to take into consideration when developing it.

  • Kuidas see välja näeb? - vastupidiselt levinud arvamusele, tarkvara is a beauty contest. I can point to dozens of applications that should ‘own' the market but don't even make the cut because they lack the aesthetics that grab the headlines.
  • Kuidas see müüb? - mõnikord on funktsioonid turustatavad, kuid tegelikult mitte nii kasulikud. E-posti valdkonnas oli selleks mõnda aega suur tõuge RSS. Everyone was asking for it but only a couple Email Service Providers had it. The funny thing is, a year later, and it's still not adopted in the mainstream by email marketers. It's one of those features that are marketable, but not really useful (yet).
  • Kui turvaline see on? – this is one of those ‘small' items that are overlooked but can always sink a deal. As software providers, we should always strive for security and have it backed up through independent audits. Not doing so is irresponsible.
  • Kui stabiilne see on? – surprisingly, stability is not something that's purchased – but it will make your life miserable if it's an issue. Stability is key to an application's reputation and profitability. The last thing you want to do is hire people to overcome stability issues. Stability is also a key strategy that should be at the foundation of every application. If you don't have a stable foundation, you're building a home that will one day crumble and fall.
  • Mis probleemi see lahendab? - sellepärast vajate tarkvara ja kas see aitab teie ettevõtet või mitte. Probleemi mõistmine ja lahenduse väljatöötamine on põhjus, miks me käime iga päev tööl.

The secret of the software industry is that we DO NOT sell, buy, build, market and use software well. We have a long way to go before we graduate someday and do it all consistently. To last in this industry, companies often have to develop features and security to sell, but sacrifice usability and stability. It's a dangerous game. I look forward to the next decade and hope that we've matured enough to gain the right balance.

3 Kommentaarid

  1. 1

    Üks raskemaid küsimusi, millele ma kunagi vastama pean, on: "Kui te nimetate seda tarkvaratehnikaks, siis miks te ei saa oma projektide jaoks saada otsustavaid tulemusi?"

    Minu vastus on sarnane sellega, millest te siin räägite. See on täiesti uus tööstus. Meil kulus tuhandeid aastaid, et jõuda tagasi sinna, kuhu roomlased olid inseneritööga jõudnud. Üks minu lemmikhetki Itaalias oli Rooma Panteoni külastamine ja augu nägemine, kuhu Brunelleschi väidetavalt augu lõikas, et aru saada, kuidas roomlased nii suure kupli üles panid (kui ta üritas välja mõelda, kuidas Firenzes Duomo lõpetada ).

    Oleme noor distsipliin ja läheb vaja aega, enne kui saame kvaliteetset tarkvara järjepidevalt toota. Sellepärast vaadatakse arendajaid ikka kui mingeid mustkunstnikke. Peame kontrollima nii palju kui võimalik (funktsioonide libisemine, mis võimaldab turundajatel tarkvaraarhitektuuri juhtida, halb haldamine), kuid me ei saa raputada asjaolu, et mõni tarkvara on selle saanud ja mõni mitte. Siiani on käes kullapalaviku aeg!

  2. 2

    Ülearenenud kontseptsioon on Web 2.0-s nii tõsi. Tundub, et ühe toote ümber luuakse paljusid ettevõtteid, mis ei arva, et suudaksite kogu ettevõtet ülal pidada ... siis see kas omandatakse (mis on ettevõtte jaoks suurepärane) või kihistab pärast minimaalset vastuvõtmist.

  3. 3

    Olen täiesti nõus ideega, et tarkvaratööstus ei ole täielikult arenenud tasemele, millel see peab olema, enne kui ta saab kontrollida tarkvara levitamist tarbijale. Pean silmas seda, et see on täiesti õige, kui ütlete, et tarkvara kasutatakse iga tarbija puhul erinevalt ja seega ei rahulda see alati kõiki. Piraattarkvara idee tekib selle tarbija rahulolematuse tõttu, sest teil on õigus, et maksate tarkvara eest nii palju raha ja kasutate seda ning loobute sellest ja ei kasuta seda enam kunagi ja ma arvan, et see idee ei sobi, kui räägite raha kulutamisest millelgi, mis ei ole pikaajaline. Nii et lõpuks on see idee tõsi, kuni suudame tarkvara ostmisel, ehitamisel, turundamisel ja kasutamisel olla järjepidevad, ei saa me nende valede ideede teket peatada.

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